CRM stands for Customer Relationship Management. There are more than 45 definitions of CRM (Zablah, Bellenger and Johnston, 2004), used in academic literature, on main CRM portals or used by top CRM vendors. All in common represent a strategy to reduce costs and increase profitability by keeping long term relationships with customers (consumers, companies, government, or even other department of the same firm).
Primary goal of CRM is to collect relevant data about customers. Once you have the data you can use them to identify customers preferences and make them satisfied. It has a positive impact on customer retention and obviously on financial results. Reichheld and Sasser (1990) mentioned in their study that 5% improvement of the so called customer retention rate caused the company profit to rise by 25 – 85 %.
To acquire a new customer is more expensive than to convince your current one to purchase goods/services (Liswood, 1989). Using CRM data may create an illusion on the customer side about his uniqueness and personal approach even though you provide the same service to others as well. On the other side excessive usage of such data could be counterproductive – customer could feel monitored.
Strategic information, reporting
To have and collect good data is the most crucial part of CRM. It’s not a one time process, it is rather a long term project of updating data and doing analyses to make the output relevant. If the reporting modul is available in CRM software it provides important information to help managers in decision making. Advantages of reporting module:
- Summary of sales, success of marketing campaigns, real time request processing,
- profitability of product and services, companies often support the unprofitable ones,
- overview of the profitability of customers,
- customer satisfaction,
- acquisition costs,
- discount effectivity,
If company uses the above mentioned information correctly it can forecast the market and its customers behavior and target the marketing campaigns in a better way.
Increase of customer lifetime value
We can split the life cycle of a customer into three phases – acquisition, relationship development, relationship termination. It is well known that a satisfied customer will share his experience less than the unsatisfied. That’s why the relationship development is key also for acquisition. Moreover satisfied customers swill come back and buy other goods repeatadly. Altghough termination of the relationship is underestimated part of the CRM, it is necessary to register and analyze the reasons – why it happened, under what circumstances, what is the learning outcome for the company.
I covered the reasons why it is good to have CRM implemented in a company. Nevertheless there is one huge (hidden) assumption to have the positive outcomes from using it – employees who use CRM responsibly. CRM must be functional on all the levels of company hierarchy and employees have to input real data. With regards to CRM software used – it must be easy to use and eye-candy. Employees have to feel comfortable to use it every day or even every minute.
Resume is usually the first way how you introduce yourself to a company you would like to work for. Google search provides a lot of great insights and information. On the other hand it is always good idea to talk to a career coordinator at your university or someone from Human Resources. You can get valuable information.
„Give a recruiter a reason to keep on reading your resume, not to discard it.“
- Quality over quantity! Do not write more than 2 pages, 1 is optimal.
- Don’t mess information from different categories (driving license shouldn’t be mentioned in contact section).
- Be original, don’t use bad templates (such as this one), but get inspired.
- Be concise, clear and tailor it to a position
- Do not include references (you can state “References available upon request”)
- No grammar mistakes!
- Less is more – include name, address, phone, email, (LinkedIn profile link)
- Do not include date of birth, marital status. It’s discriminatory in certain countries (and to be honest in some companies as well).
- Should be first or second section on your resume with regards to the position you apply for.
- Certificates and courses shouldn’t be included in this section, rather create a new section.
- If you didn’t finish the university, be honest and write down why (for instance interruption and termination of studies due to other university acceptance)
- Write down the topics of you bachelor’s/master’s thesis.
Certificates and Skills
- Do not lie. The recruiter will soon find it out.
- If you are not sure about your expertise, use “Profficient”, “Working knowledge”, “Basic knowledge”, etc.
- Definitely worth to mention. It shows the recruiter you are proactive.
Over the past few years, LinkedIn has become an essential personal branding tool (even in the Czech Republic with 600 000+ users as of September 2014). I will discuss few tips how to make it outstanding and valuable for potential recruiters. This article is a summary of a presentation provided by Tomáš Dušenka, a professional recruiter at Česká spořitelna, #1 on the Czech bank market with more than 650 branches and around 10,000 employees.
Before you start to update your profile it’s a good idea to turn off the notifications (you can do it in the right sidebar while editing). Your followers won’t be then spammed by all the minor changes you have made and saved. You can turn it on when you are almost done (for example with your Summary updates) to let them know your profile has changed.
- Good photo = 40% of success. Try to avoid blurred or party photos. Imagine you are the recruiter and would like to hire yourself.
- Publish your name without academic degree or other titles. Use your name without diacritics. No worries, LinkedIn will find you even without them
Headline is the place where you can distinguish yourself from others. Promote yourself. Headline and summary are the first fields recruiters (or anyone searching for suitable candidates) see.
- Describe you position in a way it’s obvious what you do or what you are interested in. Do not write just the title of the position (“HR Specialist”). Get inspired by top headlines but do not copy them!
- Edit the URL of you profile to make it readable by humans (for instance www.linkedin/in/petrzak1)
It should reflect your story. There is a lot of space for your job titles further, this is the place to promote yourself in a personalized way.
- Write it in the “I” form. I did, I succeeded, etc.
- You can introduce the company you are currently working for and describe what you do for it.
- Even though you can’t use formatting, there are several symbols you can use, see Symbols to spice up your LinkedIn profile
- Claim why someone should contact you
This is the most important part.
- Write in points
- You can divide every position in sections “What were your responsibilities”, “What results you have achieved”, “What you have learned”
- Describe everything clearly, write it for your 90 years old grandma or 10 years old brother
- At the beginning it’s fair to mentioned 10-15 skills. More could be suspiscious (Do you really know all of these?)
- Add you Bachelor’s/Master’s thesis
- If you are currently studying but not finished yet, state the year you suppose you will receive you degree (it will appear there as “Expected”)
Volunteering, Additional Awards and Honors
- Have you volunteered?
- Have you awars any prize?
- Definitely write it down!
- The more people see your profile the better (obvious, I know :-)).
- Use synonyms as well as abbreviations.
- Use key words.
- Be active, extend you network.
- Add yourself to different groups according to your interests to get updates and job opportunities.
- Keep you profile up-to-date and relevant
- Add link to your LinkedIn profile to your email signature (either text or button)